How Does a Vape Pen Work?

Vape pen or e-cigarette have become extremely popular over the last couple of years, and it is easy to see why. A vape device is portable, odor-free for the most part, and it is a relatively simple piece of equipment to use. As the device has loads of perks as a better alternative to cigarettes, it is worth considering for personal use. 

How does a vape pen work? What is in the e-liquid, and what makes up the device? This guide will cover all the fundamental aspects of this device. 

Vape Pens vs. Cigarettes: What Is the Difference?

A vape pen is a reusable electronic device usually made of metal. It does not make use of tobacco like a traditional cigarette, but there may be nicotine, among other substances, in the e-liquid. The vape pen creates a mist that the user activates by turning on the device and inhaling.

A traditional cigarette consists of crushed tobacco encased in rolling paper, topped by a filter at the end where you inhale. When the user lights up a cigarette, the combustion creates smoke for the user to inhale. Cigarettes contain tar and other combustion byproducts.

The primary difference between a vape pen and a cigarette is that a vape does not contain the many addictive chemicals found in cigarettes.

Content differences between traditional cigarettes and vape

However, it is crucial to note that vape pens can create other chemicals, about which more research is being evolving to define the extent of their impacts on health. 

How Does a Vape Pen Work?

A vape pen is typically electronic, and you activate it by turning the device on via a press-button that engages the battery. Some vape pens like RELX products now adapt the touch-free design which only uses vibration and indicator light to interact with the user. 

In summary, the battery power works to heat the liquid contained in a chamber in the device via a wick. The wick usually consists of cotton. This process produces a vapor, or more accurately, an aerosol, which the user inhales. 

Vape Device Structure and Components

It is helpful to know the function of its various components to understand the vape device.

Basic Structure of a Vape Pen

How does a vape work
How Does a Vape Pen Work

The vape pen typically contains a small number of essential parts. These parts include: 

  • a mouthpiece 
  • a battery 
  • an e-liquid chamber or cartridge 
  • an atomizer or heating element 
  • a microprocessor
  • a button to activate the vaporization process
  • some models have an LED light display that shows when the device is active 

Most vape pen models include rechargeable batteries. You can keep a spare charged battery in case the one in the device runs out. Some vape products provide portable battery charger cases and even wireless charge functions.

Some models are purely mechanical and have no electronic aspect. A Mechanical Action Switch controls these. 

Vape Atomization

During the vaping process, the vapor gets produced by a component called an atomizer within the vape pen, and even more precisely the heating coils inside the atomizer. 

This component is essential to the vape pen – it does not work without it. 

The atomizer's measurement is in ohms, which tells you how much resistance the atomizer possesses. 

You can buy a huge variety of e-liquid flavors to make the experience more varied than traditional smoking. 

The vapor produced often has a faint hint of this flavoring as well.  

What Is in Vape e-liquid?

The liquid used in vape pens has three main ingredients. These are:

  • solvents 
  • sweeteners 
  • and flavorings 

Component of E-liquid

Component of E-liquid

The solvent's purpose is to dissolve substances like nicotine compounds such as THC or CBD so that a smoker can inhale them.  

The solvent most commonly found in vape pens are propylene glycol and glycerin. The glycerin, helps to create the vapor cloud. Propylene glycol is a colorless, syrup-like liquid. 

The sweeteners used in vape e-liquids typically contain ethyl maltol and sucralose. Administrative bodies consider all these ingredients as relatively safe for consumption. However, there is some debate about this concerning their use via a vape pen. 

What Price Range Are Vape Pens?

The average price for a device will cost you $25 to $35. 

You will probably save money on vaping in the long term, depending on how often you use it and how much vape e-liquid you go through. 

As with most things, it is best to select a quality, middle-range vape pen rather than one of the lower price range models. 

Final Thoughts

Always use your vape pen in a responsible and safe manner as recommended in the user manual. Refrain from dismantling or modifying the vape pens, and always be sure to keep it away from minors or non-smokers.